How To Build A Robot For Kids in 2024 | Step by Step

A key essential reason for building robots for kids lies in their ability to aid and optimize their learning experiences. As education keeps evolving, it is becoming increasingly important for parents and guardians to introduce their children/wards to the wonders of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics at an early age. We thought it wise to put a guide on how to build a robot for kids who love robotics.

Robotics is a highly innovative and captivating way to engage the minds of young children in this field of study through the development and programming of robots. Building a robot does not only provide children with a fun hands-on experience, it also fosters creativity, and problem-solving and helps them develop an in-depth understanding of technology.

The process of developing a robot goes beyond helping kids develop a basic knowledge in engineering; it allows them to explore their curiosity and also helps them nurture their love for learning.

While designing a robot you must consider age-appropriate activities and features in your robot design, this can be done by tailoring the designs of your robot, as well as its functionality to the interest and the developmental stage of the child.

In this article we aim to guide parents, educators, and enthusiasts on the journey of building a robot for kids, we would explore how to select age-appropriate features as well as programming languages and safety considerations.

The concept of building a robot may be challenging to beginners, especially to individuals who have no formal background in tech. It is important to remember that there are numerous materials to develop your understanding of technology. Reading this article is an awesome start.

As a beginner, you must focus on understanding the basic beginner-friendly programming languages such as Scratch, Python, or Blockly as well as basic microcontrollers such as Microbit and Arduino. These tools provide an excellent foundation for learning robotics.

Tools such as Scratch, and Arduino offer simplicity, and versatility to learners who are committed to broadening their understanding of technology. This also allows them to have a firm coding and robotics foundation while learning and having fun at the same time. 

The possibilities of designing robots for kids are endless. However, certain boundaries mustn’t be crossed as kids have very vivid imaginations. While designing the robot you must ensure that the colorful LED lights, facial expressions as well as interactive touch sensors, and sound effects are age-appropriate and not demeaning.

Safety is of high importance when developing robots for kids.

It is very crucial to note the physical and mental well-being of the child and minimize the potential risks associated with the construction of the robot and minimize the potential risks. Special attention should be paid to selecting materials that are safe for children.

Taking these precautions as parents, guardians and educators will provide a secure environment for your kids to explore and interact with their robot kit.

How To Design A Robot That Kids Love And Sparks Their Interest

how to build a robot for kids

One of the most important things to consider while building a robot for kids is its appearance. A robot should be accurately designed in a way that captivates young minds and sparks their interest.

Hence, it must be visually appealing and engaging in order to ensure an overall experience. Now let’s focus on designing a robot using MakeCode and Micro:Bit as our tools. Kids are fundamentally drawn to colorful and nice-looking objects, consider the following while building your robot.

  1. Incorporate fun and colorful Elements: Kinds are naturally drawn to bright and playful aesthetics. Using relatively vibrant colors and visually stimulating elements in your robot design will instantly grab the attention of kids. Consider adding colorful LED lights, eye-catching decals, and even interchangeable accessories from external sources to make the robot visually appealing and customizable. The use of primary colors will create a visually striking and engaging robot.
  2. Give it a friendly and expressive face: The facial expression of your robot plays a significant role in the making of your robot, it makes it highly relatable to children. You can achieve this by using the Micro:bit’s LED matrix. This goes a long way in creating an emotional connection between the kid and the robot. As a parent or an educator, you can utilize this LED matrix to display different facial expressions such as smiling, winking or even blinking eyes in order to convey an emotion and make the robot seem more approachable.
  3. Utilize the sensor: Kids love and appreciate interactive toys. By incorporating sensors into the robot design it can provide a delightful and interactive experience. The Micro:Bit has a built in sensor such as the accelerometer, compass and buttons that can be utilized to create engaging interactions. For example, you can program a robot to respond to physical movements such as shaking or tilting or enable buttons to trigger specific actions, making the robot feel responsive and interactive.
  4. Enable voice command and sound effect: Giving the robot the ability to recognise and respond to voice commands is a lovely experience. With the Micro:Bit built in microphone, you can program the robot to react to specific voice prompts or even create a voice-controlled game. Also, including sound effects such as cheerful tunes or robotic sounds can further enhance the engagement and create a more immersive play environment for children.
  5. Integrate movement and animation: Movement is a key aspect that can bring a robot to life and capture a kid’s imagination. By utilizing the motor and servos, you can design the robot to perform various actions such as walking, dancing or waving its arms. You can program these movements using the MakeCode.
  6. Customization and Personalization: Kids love to put their own personal touch on their belongings, it is very important that you give children the opportunity to customize how they want to interact with their robot. This helps them foster a sense of ownership and pride in their creation.
  7. Storytelling and character development: While creating your robot it is very important that you create a backstory. This allows your kids to have a more personalized experience when they are creative or playing with their robot. Storytelling helps to create an emotional connection and make the robot feel like a companion.

Designing a robot that appeals to kids and sparks their interest requires very good consideration of specific elements. Micro:Bit and Makecode creates a possibility for designing and building a robot that appeals to senses of kids such as using the expressive faces, interactive sensors, voice command, and movements.

What Are The Essential Programming Language For Beginners When Designing A Robot

Programming plays a vital role in the development of a Robot. As a beginner who is starting his/her journey into robotics, choosing the right programming language is very important. The good news is that there are a number of user-friendly programming languages.

These programming languages simplify the process of coding and allow a beginner to dive into robotics without feeling overwhelmed.

I will highlight a few of these programming languages with a specific focus on using Makecode and Micro:Bit as the tools for building and programming the robot.

  1. MakeCode: MakeCode is a visual block programming platform. Makecode is an excellent starting point for beginners due to its highly visual and interactive interface. It provides a block-based programming environment that allows users to drag and drop blocks of code to create programs. With MakeCode, a young programmer can easily write and create programs with the Micro:Bit. The interactive interface and visual representation of code make it accessible and engaging for beginners to easily grasp programming concepts without having to write complex syntax, that is, a very long line of code.
  2. Block based Languages: These languages are seen in Scratch and Blockly, and they are ideal for beginners including those who are interested in designing robots. These languages offer a graphical interface where users can stack blocks together to create programs. Scratch, in particular, is widely used in educational settings to simplify and create child friendly design.
  3. Python: Python is also one of the beginner-friendly languages. It is popularly known for its readability and simplicity. Python provides an easy-to-understand syntax that is well-suited for beginners who are new to programming concepts. Python has a broad range of libraries and frameworks that are dedicated to robotics, making a versatile choice when designing a robot. By using the micro:bit’s python library and MakeCode’s python editor, beginners can explore more advanced programming techniques and leverage the capabilities of the microbit in their robotics projects.

When designing a robot as a beginner, the choice of programming language is crucial.

Makecode as a code editor together with its visual programming interface provides an excellent entry point for beginners allowing them to program the microbit and create an exciting robotic project.

As technology advances, the future holds exciting possibilities for the field of robotics. Emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence and machine learning are already making their way into robots, enabling more sophisticated interactions and personalized experiences.

Innovations in robotics promise to revolutionize the way children interact with robots, enhancing their learning experiences and opening up new avenues for creativity and exploration.


Learning how to build a robot for kids is a remarkable way to inspire their curiosity, foster their learning, and ignite their passion for STEM fields.

Through careful consideration of design, programming languages, safety, and community engagement, we can create robots that are not only educational but also entertaining and engaging companions.

By empowering children to build, program, and interact with robots, we equip them with valuable skills and a love for learning that will benefit them throughout their lives.

So let’s embark on this exciting journey of building robots for kids and watch their imaginations soar as they discover the endless possibilities of technology.

Frequently Asked Questions

What programming language should I start with when building a robot for kids?

A great programming language to start with when building a robot for kids is MakeCode. MakeCode offers a visual programming interface where users can drag and drop blocks of code to create robot behaviors. It is beginner-friendly, and intuitive, and provides a solid foundation for understanding programming concepts.

How can I ensure the safety of children while they interact with the robot?

Ensuring the safety of children while they interact with the robot is of utmost importance. Start by selecting child-safe materials for the robot’s construction. Consider incorporating safety features such as obstacle detection, emergency stop buttons, and proper insulation for electrical components. It is crucial to provide clear instructions on how to use the robot safely and supervise children during their interactions.

Are there any specific age recommendations for building a robot for kids?

The specific age recommendations for building a robot for kids can vary depending on the complexity of the robot and the programming language used. However, robotics kits and platforms designed for children often provide age recommendations. It is essential to consider a child’s developmental stage, motor skills, and understanding of basic concepts when determining if they are ready to engage with a particular robot-building project.

How can I incorporate educational aspects into the robot’s design and programming?

To incorporate educational aspects into the robot’s design and programming, you can program it to teach concepts such as mathematics, language skills, or problem-solving through interactive games or challenges. Utilize the robot’s capabilities to engage children in educational activities, such as quizzes, puzzles, or storytelling. Consider incorporating sensors to enable the robot to interact with its environment and provide real-time feedback for educational purposes.

What are the benefits of involving children in the process of building and programming a robot?

Involving children in the process of building and programming a robot offers numerous benefits. It nurtures creativity, problem-solving skills, critical thinking, and collaboration. Children learn to think analytically, overcome challenges, and develop a sense of ownership and pride in their creations. Additionally, it enhances their understanding of technology, fosters curiosity, and introduces them to STEM concepts in a hands-on and engaging way.

Can you recommend any online communities or forums for further support and guidance on building robots for kids?

Yes, there are various online communities and forums that provide support and guidance on building robots for kids. We have a vibrant community at Codant Technology Hub, kindly check social media handles and reach out to us for further inquiry.


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